worldmuslimpedia.com

0

The Love of the Companions for Prophet Muhammad: Who were the Companions? Muslim-Dalit Unity: Dalits need to think beyond Ambedkar Corporate-Media-Government Nexus using Intolerance to hide Corporatisation Radical West much more dangerous than Radical Islam Let’s rename Ashoka Road after V P Singh, the great champion of equality, honesty and secularism! Why Hardik Patel Has Turned On Modi Stop Female Foeticide to arrest Hindu Population Decline Isra and Miraj: The Miraculous Night Journey Terrorism, Appeasement and Loyalty: Rejoinder to Former IB Official It's High Time Muslims and Dalits united against injustice State must not organize religious festivals “Are You Hindu First or Indian First?” Corporates overrule Hindutva Government in Pornographic Row A RATIONALE APPROACH TO AFFIRM THE EXISTENCE OF GOD The end of capitalism has begun Egalitarianism and Idealism in the New Economic Order Yes to Religion, No to Communalism All forms of violence need Zero Tolerance, not just a specific kind of Terror APJ Abdul Kalam: Unparalleled Genius and Spiritual Technocrat Evidence of Muhammad's Prophethood Hang Rajiv Gandhi Killers before hanging Yakub Memon! Interest (Riba): A Blessing or Nuisance to Humanity? Phaansi ke Waaste phir kya maiN hi rah gaya huN? Spiritual and Moral System Salaah (Prayer) and its translations Guidlines Concerning Criminal Matters LAWS RELATED TO CIVIL MATTERS FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS Fundamental Prohibitions With gay marriages legal in all states, “Sexual Revolution” is complete in America
News / Article

Fundamental Prohibitions:Health Protective Measures (Alcohol)

Reference : Dr Javed Jamil

Fundamental Prohibitions:Health Protective Measures (Alcohol)

Series: Qur’anic (Dynamic) Paradigm of Health

In the last chapter, we discussed the health-related importance of Islamic prayer and fasting as a part of the Fundamental Duties. It can be easily seen that the fundamental duties in Islam have a direct bearing on the physical, mental, spiritual and social well being. Now, we are going to discuss some of the Fundamental Prohibitions in Islam and their impact on health not only at the individual level but also at the epidemiological level. After discussing some of these prohibitions, we will arrive at the most crucial part of this discussion when the Islamic definition of health will be unveiled and it will be presented as a better, more effective and more viable alternative to the current definition of health.

I) Drinking and gambling

The Holy Qur’an says:

  • They ask you about the substances of addiction and gambling. State: “There is huge sin and some benefits for the mankind in them; but the sin is much greater than their benefits.” (2: 219)
  • People Committed (to Islam)! Substances of addiction, gambling and sacrifices of stones (altars) and (divination) by arrows are dirty Satanic practices. Hence, keep away from them so that you may become successful. Certainly, through substances of addiction and gambling, Satan’s intention is to promote hostility and envy among you people and to create obstacles in your glorification of God and attending Blessings (Salat). (5: 90–91)

Islam expressly prohibits alcoholic drinks and all the substances causing addiction. In fact Qur’an declares intoxication and gambling as the Devil’s handiwork meaning that those who indulge in these acts in any way are the rebels of God. Prohibition in Islam means prohibition on manufacturing, storing, selling, drinking or serving all intoxicants including alcoholic beverages and other addicting substances anywhere on any occasion to anybody. Drinking has been labelled as Ummul Khhabais, meaning “the mother of all evils”, in the Prophetic traditions, and the investigations have clearly established that drinking is Ummul Khhabaisindeed.


Islam expressly prohibits alcoholic drinks and all the substances causing addiction. In fact Qur’an declares intoxication and gambling as the Devil’s handiwork meaning that those who indulge in these acts in any way are the rebels of God. Prohibition in Islam means prohibition on manufacturing, storing, selling, drinking or serving all intoxicants including alcoholic beverages and other addicting substances anywhere on any occasion to anybody. Drinking has been labelled as Ummul Khhabais, meaning “the mother of all evils”, in the Prophetic traditions, and the investigations have clearly established that drinking is Ummul Khhabais indeed.

Dependence on alcohol is counted as a disease in medical sciences, commonly referred to as Alcoholism. Alcoholism is divided into two groups: substance-usedisorders and substance-induced orders. The former include dependence and abuse; the latter include intoxication, withdrawal, delirium, dementia, amnesiac disorder, psychotic disorder, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, sexual dysfunction, and sleep disorder. Alcohol dependence and abuse are manifested by tolerance, withdrawal, inability to fulfil role obligations, recurrent substance related legal problems and social and interpersonal problems. Alcohol can lead to several other diseases. Cirrhosis is a disease related to alcohol that more often than not proves fatal. It is among the leading killers in many countries where alcohol consumption is high. Other medical conditions related to alcohol include cancers (liver and laryngeal), heart diseases, maternal and child health problem (low birth weight and spontaneous abortion), injuries (falls, burns, or work-related), accidents (water and auto transport) and violence (suicide, assault and child abuse). Alcohol is also related to traffic accidents, increased risks of all sex-transmitted diseases including AIDS and suicides. In women, it is related to several cancers like those of breast and liver. Maternal consumption during pregnancy increases the risk of birth defects in children. It is linked to the birth of children with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome. In several countries, FAS is considered to be the most important cause of mental retardation.

There have been several brazen attempts recently to popularise drinking on the basis of some dubious reports that impart a protective effect to alcohol for Ischaemic Heart Diseases. This has been strongly countered by independent experts. It will be worthwhile to quote here from a report:
Over the past decade seemingly paradoxical evidence has emerged that alcohol consumption may have a protective effect on one aspect of human health: coronary heart disease. Studies have shown that individuals who consume small to moderate amounts of alcohol are less likely to have a myocardial infarction than those who do not drink. (For a review of the studies in the United Stateson the health benefits of alcohol, see NIAAA, 2000). These studies, however, have been challenged on two fronts: applicability of the findings to women; and methodology (see detailed discussion in World Bank Group, 2000). The majority of participants in the studies were men. In those where women did participate, the protective relationship was not so clear. Studies found that light consumption of alcohol (1.5 to 29.9 grams per day) protected older women (50 years of age and over) from CHD; light consumption also conferred protective benefits on women with one or more risk factors for CHD. These benefits did not hold true, however, for women with no CHD risk factors. Such women enjoyed no significant protective effects. Notably, women who drank more than 30 grams per day had significantly higher mortality, largely due to their higher risk of death from breast cancer. The research on beneficial effects of alcohol remains inconclusive for women. Furthermore, when discussing the beneficial effects of alcohol on the risk of CHD, it is important not to ignore the prevalence of CHD in a given developing country in relation to other health and social problems that are caused or exacerbated by alcohol. 5NIAAA (2000) has conducted an extensive review and analysis of FAS prevention research. Although research is largely US-based, the review offers a valuable framework for developing prevention programs.”1

It can be safely concluded that if some benefits — which even Qur’an accepts — may be accrued to the use of alcohol they will have to be weighed against harms and hazards related to alcohol, which are massive, qualitatively as well as quantitatively, and are enough for its being declared the “Devil’s handiwork”.

Alcohol increases the risks of unhealthy sexual behaviour. Studies of AIDS in other countries, such as Thailand, indicate that alcohol consumption influences many dimensions of sexual behaviour. One such study, which included students, soldiers and clerks, revealed that “heavy drinking increased the odds of having had sexual intercourse; increased the odds of having visited prostitutes; and decreased the odds of consistent condom use in sexual encounters with sex workers (Van Landingham and others, 1993).” Another report says, “The relationship between drinking and HIV risk behaviours, such as visiting commercial sex workers or having sex without condoms, is not one of simple causality. It has been argued that drinking behaviour co-occurs with other dangerous factors; such risk-taking Includes beverages made from sugarcane alcohol and agaves, such as mescal and sotol. Aguardiente means “burning water” (Aledina-Mora, 1999).”

A list of the alcohol related problems is given below.

ALCOHOL RELATED PROBLEMS

Liver disease Elevated liver enzyme levels Fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis Pancreatic disease Acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis Cardiovascular disease Hypertension Cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia’s, stroke Gastrointestinal problems Gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, diarrhoea, peptic ulcer disease Oesophageal varices, Mallory-Weiss tears Neurologic disorders Headaches, blackouts, peripheral neuropathy Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, seizures, Wernicke’s encephalopathy, dementia, cerebral atrophy, peripheral neuropathy, cognitive deficits, impaired motor functioning Reproductive system disorders Foetal alcohol effects, foetal alcohol syndrome Sexual dysfunction, amenorrhea, anovulation, early menopause, spontaneous abortion Cancers Neoplasm of the liver, neoplasm of the head and neck, neoplasm of the pancreas, neoplasm of the oesophagus Psychiatric comorbidities Depression, anxiety Affective disorders, anxiety disorders, antisocial personality Legal problems Traffic violations, driving while intoxicated, public intoxication Motor vehicle accidents, violent offences, fires Employment problems Tardiness, sick days, inability to concentrate, decreased competence Accidents, injury, job loss, chronic unemployment Family problems Family conflict, erratic child discipline, neglect of responsibilities, social isolation Divorce, spouse abuse, child abuse or neglect, loss of child custody Effects on children Overresponsibility, acting out, withdrawal, inability to concentrate, school problems, social isolation Learning disorders, behaviour problems

The alcohol consumption is directly associated with increased health risks related to alcohol, crimes, accidents, sex-related problems, suicides and domestic violence. Latest figures show that Alcohol accounts for around 2.5 million deaths annually. Most of these deaths take place in industrialised, developing and Latin American countries. In Islamic countries, alcohol related deaths are virtually absent. All other problems related to alcohol are rare too. According to the data available, the economic cost of alcoholism and alcohol abuse in the US was 117 billion dollars in 1983. Latest data have shown it as around 223.5 billion. European countries lead the table of countries having maximum per capita consumption of alcohol. Canada, the US, South Africa and Australiafollow Europe. South American, Asian and African countries come next. In Muslim countries, of course, the consumption is extremely low. Here is the list of top 20 countries in terms of alcohol consumption:

Top countries in terms of alcohol consumption

Rank — -Country — -litres per inhabitant

 

Rank Country litres per inhabitant
1 Luxemburg  12
2 Portugal  10+
3 Ireland  10+
4 Germany  10+
5 France  10+
6 Spain  10
7 Denmark  9+
8 Austria  9+
9 Great Britain  8*
10 Belgium  8*
11 Netherlands  8*
12 Russia  6+
13 Greece  6+
14 Australia  6+
15 Italy  6+
16 Finland  6+
17 USA  6+
18 Canada  6+
19 Japan  6+
20 Sweden  5+
21 Norway  5+

All these are Western countries. The high consumption rate, it may be argued, points to their high lifestyle and the ability to spend more. If the ability to spend more leads to spending on the purchase of slow poisons for themselves it is better not to be rich. If Westerners consume alcohol at such an alarming rate it is because they have been made habitual or addict of drinking by their cultural supervisors, the forces of globalisation. It is not surprising then that about 2.5 million deaths every year are attributable to alcohol-related problems. A substantial percentage of these deaths occur in the developed nations whose “advanced” health system is always busy in creating conditions that lead to the longevity of life. Still, they are not in a position to demand a ban on substances and practices that are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity.


The alcohol consumption is directly associated with increased health risks related to alcohol, crimes, accidents, sex-related problems, suicides and domestic violence. Latest figures show that Alcohol accounts for around 2.5 million deaths annually. Most of these deaths take place in industrialised, developing and Latin American countries. In Islamic countries, alcohol related deaths are virtually absent. All other problems related to alcohol are rare too. According to the data available, the economic cost of alcoholism and alcohol abuse in the US was 117 billion dollars in 1983. Latest data have shown it as around 223.5 billion. European countries lead the table of countries having maximum per capita consumption of alcohol. Canada, the US, South Africa and Australia follow Europe. South American, Asian and African countries come next. In Muslim countries, of course, the consumption is extremely low.

It is clear that the consumption of alcohol is least among Muslims and also therefore all the problems related to alcohol — alcohol related diseases, deaths, accidents, suicides, divorces, separations, unhealthy sexual behaviours, rapes, murders etc.

Apart from alcohol, the other drugs too cause huge problems. Substance abuse is prevalent with an estimated 120 million users of hard drugs such as cocaine, heroin, and other synthetic drugs. Suicides related to drug abuse amount to a big chunk of all suicides.

 

 
Dr Javed Jamil is India based thinker and writer with over a dozen books including his latest, “Muslim Vision of Secular India: Destination & Road-map”, “Qur’anic Pa radigms of Sciences & Society” (First Vol: Health), “Muslims Most Civilised, Yet Not Enough” and Other works include “The Devil of Economic Fundamentalism”, “The Essence of the Divine Verses”, “The Killer Sex”, “Islam means Peace” and “Rediscovering the Universe”.
 
Read more..
 
Presence on Social Networks
Twitter
Facebook
Website
Instagram

Medium
SoundCloud
LinkedIn
Google
Plus

 

 

 
 

 


 
Other articles by Dr Javed Jamil

 

FUNDAMENTAL
DUTIES IN
ISLAM-
IMPACT ON
HEALTH

IN
PRINCIPIO-
MODERN
SCIENCES
–
MISTRESSES
OF
ECONOMIC
FUNDAMENTALISM

FB
RECENT
SPURT IN
“TERROR
ATTACKS”
MAY
CONTINUE
TILL TRUMP
WINS

DEATHS
OF 10
JAWANS IN
GAYA A
SMALL NEWS
BECAUSE
THE
KILLERS
BORE
HINDU, NOT
MUSLIMS
NAMES

Freedom
of Speech

MUSLIMS
VICTIMS,
NOT
PERPETRATORS
OF HATRED
AND
VIOLENCE

US-Britain
led West
must
apologise
to the
Muslim
World and
pay at
least 5
trillion
as
compensation


CONTENTS

PART I: FAITH

PART II: PHILOSOPHY

PART III: CONSTITUTION

PART IV: THE SYSTEM

PART V: THE HISTORY OF CONFRONTATION

Last Word: The Final Document of Peace